An Internet address [URL, ie Uniform Resource Locator] set in the following
form http://www.some-site.com/somepage.htm identifies a specific page of a specific web
site. A relative address is used only to call a page in the same Web area; it can be set
in two ways: somepage.htm [relative to the calling page] if the calling page is in the
same directory, or ../somepage.htm for a calling page in another directory; and
/somepage.htm [relative to the root Web] if the calling page is in the same Web area and
anywhere in this area.
Internet access means the access to a distant computer network to which an
individual computer or a network of computers get connected through a phone line. The
access provided provides the connection network, and usually also an email account at
Visual and / or sound sequences, built with a program and animated through
the browser or through a plug-in to the browser. Examples: animated gif image, Macromedia
Flash (proprietary), .mid or .ra sequence, etc.
Here, the word architecture targets both, the physical structure of the
directories, of the programs and Web pages; and the logical structure of the Web site,
Web information and Web services provided.
Advertising method used between web sites. Site A put a banner for site B
on a Web page and vice versa. The banner on site A has a link to site B and vice versa.
Exchanging banners may be useful if the contextual adequate for the Web site advertised.
There are various possibilities for exchanging links with or without banner.
Echange de bannière
A software that is used to display a Web page, surf from page to page and
interact with other programs and plug-in. A browser is commonly called a Web browser. The
surf concept targets the navigation from a Web page to another one through hyperlinks, in
the same Web site or from one web site to another one. Such links giving the address of a
Web page may be activated though a text link or an image.
The business-to-business concept targets the eBusiness when the buyer and the customer
are both in business, as opposed to business-to-consumer or even "intra-business" [within
the same group]. Also named BtoB and B2B.
Business strategy and eBusiness strategy as well can be defined as actions
enabling a better understanding of the business environment and competition, a better use
of information, a thinner definition of the commercial targets, and improve the
organization's reactivity. Intelligence may be a component of it. A note: the word
intelligence is used a different meaning in English and in French. French people will
call it "renseignement". In French in the business area "intelligence" has a broader
CGI (Common Gateway Interface)
The CGI (Common Gateway Interface) targets the common programming interface
that enable the software execution of specific functions in a Web server environment.
CGI (Interface Commune de Passerelle)
The specific business expertise, the core organization's business, its
specific experience assets, that represents a fraction of the intangible assets.
expertise de l'entreprise
Collaborative software environment, relaying on information and
communication technology that makes it possible for more that one person to share data
and programs and work together, on more than one computer in a local network or with
CSS (Cascading StyleSheets)
Stylesheets correspond to a formatting styles technique for Web pages.
Styles may set up in the tags, as well as in a specific style tag for a document or
outside the page in a distinct file with a .css extension that may be shared by many
pages. Cascading stylesheets means the ability to use various stylesheets in cascade for
a Web site. CSS also refers to the W3 specifications CSS1 and CSS2.
CSS (Feuilles de style imbriquées)
The webmaster corner: a
with 30 free to use expert tools and services, carefully selected and briefly
Our Internet Security Portalcolumn
discusses the main security issues for Internet users and Website owners.
The Supply Chain information set: An application model targeting business to
business services and collaborative environment. See
Structured data format or structured data architecture that makes it
possible to easily maintain, retrieve and serve data to the Web applications.
Bases de données
Dynamic HTML covers the joint use of the HTML language, of stylesheets
(CSS) and, as needed, script languages for dynamic Web sites or Web page animations.
The word directory is used for Internet directories [such as DMOZ], made by
humans or by robots, set up with categories and including a short description of each
resource. A Web site can be found if it is advertised in the right category.
Annuaire (alias répertoire)
The unique name identifying a Web site on the Internet network. The
Internet network is made from millions computers and networks, each one having a unique
domain name or a unique address. The domain names are always built from two parts
separated by a comma. A server usually host more than one domain name, but a domain name
always points a single server.
In theory, the domain name suffix is assigned following the type of organizations. For
.com - corporations
.edu - institutions éducatives
.org - organisation sans but lucratif
.mil - organisation militaire
.net - fournisseur de service Internet
.gov - institution gouvernementale
.fr - France
But new domains, such as .info target the content type instead of the organization
Domaine (nom de)
The eBusiness concept covers all the means to make business through a Web
site on the Internet; it covers e-services, e-products, e-sales, the supply chain, the
relations between an organization and its customers, individuals or organizations
themselves, providers and partners, subsidiaries, employees, etc.
eBusiness (alias e-business)
Electronic commerce targets the ways and means to sell on-line through a
Web site. In Europe, the expression is also commonly used for e-business.
e-mail (Electronic Mail)
E-mail means a message, in text, HTML or XML format, sent from a computer
to another one through the Internet network. An email address has the following form
Courrier électronique (alias mél)
EDI (Electronic Data Interchange)
EDI, Electronic Data Interchange, refers to a standard used for structuring
and exchanging commercial information (ISO/IEC/JTC1/SC30) .
Acronym for frequently asked questions.
Faq (alias question réponses)
Comprenez : les questions fréquemment posées.
Faq (Frequently ask question)
A gateway can be defined as a door in a network that serves as an entrance
to another network. This door is commonly named a network node. Such door is usually a
computer or a specialized device that connect a workstation to the intranet or to the
GATEWAY : connexion, entrée, accès, passerelle
GIF is one of the two most used formats for the Web: Acronym for (Graphics
Interchange Format). This graphical format uses a compression scheme originally
developped by CompuServe. Animated GIF : a GIF image format built from more than one
image sequentially displayed to form an animation.
GIF : Format d'Interchange Graphique
Hits: each time a Web page is requested to a Web server, many files are in
fact requested - image files, stylesheet, script, etc are requested by the page. These
many requests when successful are named Hits. As an example, for a page with an external
stylesheet, an external script and 10 images, we will count 13 hits. To not confuse with
the number of pages seen, which would be 1 in our example.
Hits (Alias nombre de requêtes sur un fichier)
The provider of the server that host a Web site on a computer system
belonging to the Internet network. So distant users may display the Web site pages. The
provider own the computer system and provide the adequate routers and server
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), tag language, referring to the specifications of the
World Wide Web consortium for Web page development. The specifications covers HTML from
HTML 2 to HTML 4.01 and as well XML 1 and 1.1. or XML specification correspond to a
specific DOCTYPE, that must be declared and exactly followed so any user in any user
environment may display the page correctly. The Web browsers interpret the DOCTYPE and
the HTML or XML tags in order to display the page content to the visitor.
HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)
HTTP means HyperText Transfer Protocol, targeting the method for
transferring the hypertext files via the Internet network. An Internet address is
preceded by http:// so we use something like http://www.some-domain.com/ to connect to a
HTTP Protocole de Transfert HyperTexte
HTTPS is the prefix to use for the secure HTTP protocol, developed by
Netscape in order to allow cyphered data to be transferred on the Internet network. For
instance for credit card transactions.
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